Guru Nanak Dev Guruparv also known as Gurunanak Jayanti, celebrated with a lot of zeal and fervour by Sikhs as well as Hindus is observed on the full moon day in the month of Kartik i.e. November or December according to the Gregorian calendar which marks the birth anniversary of the Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji !
Guru Nanak Dev Ji was the founder of Sikhism, who was born on 15 April 1469 in Talwandi, now called Nankana Sahib, in what is now Pakistan. He was a Hindu Yogi who renounced family life and became a wandering monk who preached against casteism and regionalism among Hindus.
He was born in a Hindu family and had his education at home under the tutelage of his father and uncle.
His father was Mehta Kalu, a Brahmin from Kapurthala district in Punjab state. His mother was Mata Tripta or Matangi. Both his parents belonged to the Khatri caste; therefore, Guru Nanak Dev Ji too belonged to this caste.
The celebration falls on a Saturday and lasts for four days with different events happening in various parts of India. The most important day for Sikhs is this day as it marks their first guru Nanak's birthday after his incarnation as God himself his festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Punjab and other parts of India. The festival starts with preparing a special sweet dish called ghewar, made using milk, sugar and nuts.
Guru Nanak Dev Ji was a great saint, philosopher and reformer who preached the equality of mankind. His message of peace and love to mankind is still relevant today.
Guru Nanak Dev Ji taught us that we should live simple lives without being distracted by material things or worldly pleasures. He also advocated equality among all people regardless of gender or religion.
At an early age he became attracted by God's name and started preaching about it to all who would listen to him. He used to wear a loincloth made from cloth that had been given him by some devotees later on he came down with leprosy which prevented him from walking freely but did not stop him from spreading Hinduism across India to date.
At an early age he became attracted by God's name and started preaching about it to all who would listen to him. He used to wear a loincloth made from cloth that had been given him by some devotees later on he came down with leprosy which prevented him from walking freely but did not stop him from spreading Hinduism across India till date.
Guru Nanak Dev died at Kartarpur on 22 September 1539 at age 70 years old after being ill for several days with fever (tahsil).
Guru Nanak Dev Ji was cremated on the banks of the Ravi River by his son, Sri Chand, and his followers. The place where he died is now called Kartarpur Sahib, in Pakistan. Guru Nanak Dev Ji's ashes were taken to Anandpur Sahib where they are still present with the Sikh community today.
The festival is celebrated by gathering together family members, friends and relatives to offer prayers at Gurdwaras (Sikh Temples) where they pay tribute to their beloved one who taught them about virtues like honesty and truthfulness etc., by performing kirtan songs, praising his virtues; a non-stop reading of the Guru Granth Sahib is held for 48 hours in Gurudwaras during the occasion of Guru Nanak Jayanti known as the Akhand Path.