Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2nd October 1904 at Mughal Sarai, a small railway town seven miles from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. He was born into a middle-class family; his father Sharada Prasad Srivastava was a school teacher and his mother’s name was Ramdulari Devi. He had one sister and two brothers, and he was the second child of the three siblings. In April 1906, when Shastri was hardly 18 months old, his father died in an epidemic of bubonic plague. Ramdulari Devi was pregnant with her third child at the time of her husband’s death. She moved to her father’s house with her two children and settled in Mughal Sarai.
Lal Bahadur Shastri began his education at the age of four and studied at East Central Railway Inter-college in Mughal Sarai until the 6th standard. In 1917, his entire family shifted to Varanasi where he took his primary education at Harish Chandra Highschool, Varanasi in Varanasi, he decided to drop his cast-derived surname of "Srivastava". When Shastri Ji was in 10th standard just before his final examination, he participated in Benares meeting held by Gandhi Ji and Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya. After that day he withdrew from high school and became a freedom fighter, participating in anti-government demonstrations. 10 February 1921, Kashi Vidyapith was inaugurated by Gandhi in Benares as a national institution of higher education where Lal bahadur Shastri completed his higher education with 1st class degree in philosophy and ethics till 1925.
In 1928, Shastri Ji became an active member of the Indian National Congress as per the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi. Organizing Secretary of the Parliamentary Board of Uttar Pradesh. Later, he was sent to prison for supporting and promoting satyagraha. On 8 August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi issued an ultimatum for the British to leave India.
With the independence of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri was appointed Parliamentary Secretary in his home state, Uttar Pradesh. In 1951, Shastri Ji was made the General Secretary of the All-India Congress Committee with Jawaharlal Nehru as the prime minister. He became Minister of Railways and Transport in the First Cabinet of the Republic of India on 13 May 1952. After the death of Jawaharlal Nehru on 27, May 1964, Congress party decided to make Shastri Ji the prime minister of the country consequently, on 11 June 1964 Lal Bahadur Shastri became our second prime minister. His government was responsible for setting up the Food Corporation of India under the Food Corporation Act 1964. Shastri Ji also promoted the Green Revolution to increase food production in India. His greatest moment came when he led India in the 1965 Indo-Pak War. The Pakistani Army confronts Indian forces in August 1965. India sent its forces beyond the line of control and threatened Pakistan by crossing the International Border near Lahore. On 19 October 1965, during the Indo-Pakistan war, Shastri Ji gave the seminal 'Jai Jawan Jai Kishan' to awaken the farmers and soldiers of India. Finally, the Indo-Pak war ended on 23 September 1965 with a United Nations-mandated ceasefire. After this, in 1965, Shastri Ji and Ayub Khan (the prime minister of Pakistan) attended a summit in Tashkent for peace. On 10 January 1966, Shastri and Ayub Khan signed the Tashkent manifesto. Unfortunately, Shastri Ji died in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, on 11 January 1966, one day after signing a peace treaty to end the 1965 Indo-Pakistan War.
Nation celebrates Gandhi Jayanti on October 2, on account of Mahatma Gandhi's birthday, but in some way, we forget to mention that on the same day Lal Bahadur Shastri was born. The man who revived a nation’s broken self-confidence after the defeat against China in 1962 and led it to victory in the 1965 war against Pakistan deserves to be remembered with respect.