Essay on Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi - Father of The Nation
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat, India. He was the third of four children and had two elder brothers and an elder sister. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi was the Diwan of Rajkot a senior officer in the local government who died when he was 16 years old. Mahatma Gandhi had two elder brothers namely Harilal and Manilal Gandhi who were very close to their mother Raj Kaur and looked after her during her last days. After his father’s death, Gandhi’s mother took care of him by herself for about two years until her sister came to live with them; however, she also died soon after that event happened
When Mahatma Gandhi finished his primary education at St Mary’s Boarding School after that from Alfred High School (Kathiawar High School) in Ahmedabad he completed his high school in 1887 and after completing his graduation in intercollege, he went to England to study law. In London, he served as a barrister and a lawyer. He started reading law books by himself and became an avid reader of English literature including classics like Shakespeare’s plays or Milton’s Paradise Lost etc., fiction novels like Emma, Jane Eyre, Pride and Prejudice etc., poetry anthologies such as Robert Browning’s Men & Women; Wordsworth Poems; Keats Poems etc.; essays written by Henry David Thoreau such as “Walden Pond” or Tolstoy’s What Is Art?
Gandhi studied law at University College London where he obtained his degree prior to returning home where he started practising law while simultaneously working on being active within Indian National Congress (INC). As it progressed through its early stages during this time period, INC members were barred from attending meetings due as per British laws which were enacted due largely due lack-of-support from Indians living abroad
In 1893 Gandhi visited South Africa to defend the rights of Indians there. He was in South Africa to fight against discrimination and racial discrimination.
'Mahatma' is also a title for Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi which was given by Rabindranath Tagore in 1915 after that Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is known as or popular by the name of Mahatma Gandhi.
After returning to India, Gandhiji first visited Champaran in Bihar where the farmers were forced by the British Government to grow indigo but he succeeded in winning relief for their plight.
Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement started in 1920.
He became one of the founders of the Indian National Congress and later served as its president in 1924. He was also a member of the Bombay Municipal Corporation for many years.
he led the Dandi March against British rule in 1930. Gandhiji broke the salt laws by making it from sea. He had many ideas like satyagraha, swadeshi and khadi but they could not work because of lack of support from other Indians who were not ready to sacrifice themselves for their country’s freedom.
1942, Gandhiji launched Quit India Movement which made the British leave India in August 1947.
In 1942, Gandhi launched a non-cooperation movement against the British government that lasted for five years until his assassination in January 1948 by Nathuram Godse who belonged to Hindu Mahasabha party under leadership of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi called “Kotla” (hill).
Mahatma Gandhi is also known as Bapu and Father of Nation. 'Bapu' is the title given by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose to Mahatma Gandhi on 6th July 1944 and the 'bapu' word refer to 'father' that's why we called Mahatma Gandhi as the 'father of the nation'.
Legend Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was shot by Nathuram Vinayak Godse. The Legend Mahatma Gandhi died on 30 January 1948 in Birla House compound, Delhi.
Gandhi was a great leader of India and he was the architect of the Indian Constitution, which came into effect on January 26, 1950. He was a great freedom fighter who made many sacrifices for his country. He was also a social reformer who pioneered many reforms in India such as Satyagraha, Lokayata Movement and Nonviolent Resistance Against British Rule in India.