Shivaji was born on 19th February 1630 in the hill-fort of Shivneri, near the city of Junnar in which is now Pune district. His father, Shahaji Bhosale, was a Maratha general who served the Deccan Sultanate. His mother was Jijabai, the daughter of Lakhuji Jadhavrao of Sindkhed. At the time of Shivaji's birth, power in Deccan was shared by three Islamic sultanates: Bijapur, Ahmednagar and Golconda (which had split from Bijapur after defeating it). Shahaji often changed his loyalty between these three various rulers but always kept his jagir (fiefdom) at Pune and his small army with him.
Shivaji was a child who was raised in a military environment. He was trained in military strategy and tactics, sword fighting and horse riding by his father, Shahaji Bhosale. The childhood of Shivaji was spent on forts and battlefields, which made him more courageous at an early age. He also learned how to be a good leader at an early age.
His name may have been inspired by a local deity called Chhatrapati (Lord of Umbrellas). He was named after this deity, who is said to have possessed an umbrella that he used to keep away rain. The temple itself had been dedicated by Shivaji's father, Sambhaji Bhosle.
Chatrapati Shivaji was a Maratha emperor who founded the Maratha empire. He was a great warrior and leader, as well as being known for his military conquests against various enemies, including Mughals, Portuguese and even Bhonsle. Shivaji started conquering the nearby areas around Pune and established his kingdom called "Swara". He was the Maratha general.
His greatest achievement was that he fought for the independence of India against Aurangzeb's army, which consisted of thousands of musketeers led by Malik Ambar who were trained in the Persian language so they could better understand each other during battle times.Shivaji dreamed of establishing an independent state for himself and his fellow warriors, who were, till then, being ruled by Muslim rulers from Delhi or Agra. He wanted to create a government based on Hinduism instead of Islam which would help him win over more people to join his cause for freedom from external influences in India after winning battles against them. This can be seen as one reason why he decided not only to fight but also to defeat these Muslim rulers with all their might before going further into battle against other enemies, such as Portuguese colonizers who were trying hard to gain control over coastal areas along western coastlines so that they could continue trading goods without interference from local kings who may try taking advantage of such opportunities presented by new arrivals within country's borders (especially ones dealing extensively with foreign powers).
In between 1659-1665 AD, he conquered many regions and signed several treaties with the Mughals among which "Treaty of Purandar" is most famous. The treaty gave him complete control of all lands he controlled before and 500 more villages around Pune.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was a popular figure in Maratha history because he was brave, loyal and fair-minded ruler who ruled his kingdom with justice and equality for all people living there. He is also known as an able administrator who built up a strong army during this period to fight against other rulers who wanted to take over his kingdom such as Aurangzeb Alamgir II.
In 1663 AD, Shivaji attacked Shaista Khan (Mughal governor) with his brave soldiers and killed 300 soldiers including Khan's son Ali Adil Shah II. In retaliation, shah ordered sack of Surat which was one of the richest trading ports in western India. Shah was a general of the Mughal Empire but he wanted to challenge it by attacking its territory through Maratha territories. His mission was as follows: “We shall invade Bengal; we will capture Bihar and Bengal; then we shall attack Gujarat”.
The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was a Maratha ruler of the Maratha Empire, who ruled from 1674 to 1680. During his life, he defeated several Muslim rulers including Aurangzeb who became emperor after his death. He is also known as the “Father of the Navi” in India. He led a rebellion against Mughal rule and established an independent state for Hindustan (now known as Maharashtra).
In order to become king, he had to defeat at least one powerful king or emperor before becoming king himself. In this case, he was able to defeat two kings: Dost Mohammad Khan Balochi and Afzal Khan Lodhi Shahi which made him more powerful than many other kings before him.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was died on 3rd April, 1680 at Raigad Fort , Maharashtra
The life of Shivaji was an inspiring tale of a man whose courage, commitment and intelligence overcame all the odds. He was born into a poor peasant family who had no land to their name but with his passion and hard work he became a great Maratha king. He fought many wars against the Mughals and established an independent Maratha kingdom in 1660 AD which lasted until 1718 AD when it was conquered by British East India Company.
The festival is celebrated by gathering together family members, friends and relatives to offer prayers at Gurdwaras (Sikh Temples) where they pay tribute to their beloved one who taught them about virtues like honesty and truthfulness etc., by performing kirtan songs, praising his virtues; a non-stop reading of the Guru Granth Sahib is held for 48 hours in Gurudwaras during the occasion of Guru Nanak Jayanti known as the Akhand Path.